• By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Monday 30th July, 2012
  • Article type Reference

The Quality-Adjusted Life Year (QALY)

The quality-adjusted life year (QALY) is a measure of disease burden that combines the quantity and quality of life generated by interventions. It is based on two estimates: the number of years of life that would be added by the intervention, and the quality of those years. QALYs are often used in assessing the value for money of a medical intervention.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Thursday 10th May, 2012
  • Article type Reference

Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy (TF-CBT)

Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy is a short-term treatment designed for children experiencing post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSD) and/or emotional or behavioral difficulties resulting from a traumatic experience. The intervention’s target outcomes are reduced psychological symptoms and an increase in parenting competencies. TF-CBT is designed specifically for children aged 3-…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Friday 07th October, 2011
  • Article type Reference

The English and Romanian Adoptee (ERA)

The English and Romanian Adoptee (ERA) project is a longitudinal, multi-method investigation of the development of children adopted into the UK from Romania in the early 1990s. It is led by Professor Michael Rutter and Professor Edmund Sonuga-Barke and has followed a random sample of 165 Romanian children, most of whom had spent their early lives in institutions in which conditions ranged from poo…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Monday 19th September, 2011
  • Article type Reference

Targeted prevention

targeted interventions are designed exclusive for the at-risk sector of the population. Targeted approaches to prevention and early intervention can be divided into indicated and selective programs. Indicated prevention interventions are targeted at individuals already displaying early signs of a problem or disorder. Selective prevention programs, on the other hand, are targeted at individuals con…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Tuesday 19th July, 2011
  • Article type Reference

The Bucharest Early Intervention Project (BEIP)

The BEIP is the first ever randomized trial of foster care as intervention for social deprivation associated with institutionalization. It aims to examine the effects of institutionalization on the brain and behavioral development of young children, determine if these effects can be remediated through intervention, in this case: foster care, and improve the welfare of children in Romania by establ…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Wednesday 15th June, 2011
  • Article type Reference

TimeWise: Taking Charge of Leisure Time

TimeWise is a universal school-based health promotion intervention that is designed to educate children and youth about how to use their leisure time in healthy ways. One preliminary randomized control trial has demonstrated positive effects on leisure-time outcomes irrespective of gender, and reductions in marijuana and inhalant use for boys.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Tuesday 26th April, 2011
  • Article type Reference

Transcription factor

A transcription factor is a protein that binds to specific DNA sequences and controls the flow of genetic information from DNA to mRNA…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Monday 04th April, 2011
  • Article type Reference

Terrie Moffitt

is Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at Duke University, US, and Professor of Social Behaviour and Development at the Institute of Psychiatry, UK. Her research focuses on how genetic and environmental risks work together to shape the course of abnormal human behaviors and psychiatric disorders. Her particular interest is in antisocial and criminal behavior, but she also studies depression,…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Monday 14th February, 2011
  • Article type Reference

The 21st Century Community Learning Centers (21st CCLC)

A federally funded U.S. after-school initiative aimed for students attending high-poverty, low-performing schools. Services provided by the initiative include academic support, leisure activities and character education programmes…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Thursday 23rd December, 2010
  • Article type Reference

The Stepping Stones Intervention

It relies on methods such as role play and drama to weave material from participants’ everyday lives with key messages and critical reflection. It is delivered to single sex groups in 3-hour long sessions and was delivered in the trial over the course of 6-8 weeks. It culminates in a community meeting.…

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