• By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Friday 29th June, 2012
  • Article type Reference

Psychoeducation

Education offered to individuals suffering from mental health problems, or those caring for someone with mental health problems. The aim is to provide information and a better understanding of either a specific or broad range of psychological problems.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Monday 23rd April, 2012
  • Article type Reference

Psychodynamic psychotherapy

Explores unconscious processes and past relationships to try to understand the causes of the problems. It assumes that experiences early in life may lead to unconscious conflicts in an individual’s psyche, which in turn may lead to poor mental health. It relies heavily on the relationship between client and therapist to try to help clients understand and resolve their unconscious conflicts.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Thursday 10th November, 2011
  • Article type Reference

Postnatal depression

a form of clinical depression which can affect women, and less frequently men, after childbirth. The condition often exhibits the disabling symptoms of dysphoria, emotional lability, insomnia, confusion, anxiety and guilt.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Friday 01st July, 2011
  • Article type Reference

Phoneme

The smallest unit of sound in a language.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Thursday 11th November, 2010
  • Article type Reference

Phenotype

The outward appearance/characteristic of an organism…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Friday 11th June, 2010
  • Article type Reference

Pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB )

It is spread through the air when victims cough, sneeze, or spit. Most infections produce no obvious symptoms but about 10 per cent develop into TB. Left untreated, the disease kills more than half of its victims.Over 13 million people worldwide have TB and nearly two million annually will die as a result of the disease.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Friday 11th June, 2010
  • Article type Reference

Patrick Chaulk

Chaulk was part of a team that helped to reverse alarming trends in the spread of pulmonary tuberculosis or TB in the City of Baltimore.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Monday 17th May, 2010
  • Article type Reference

price elasticity

Price elasticity measures the extent to which demand for goods or services changes as a result in a change in the price. It is nearly always negative, meaning a rise in price results in a reduction in demand. It is an important concept in prevention research, for example with respect to rises in costs of potentially damaging drugs such as tobacco or alcohol.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Saturday 24th April, 2010
  • Article type Reference

Performance-based contracting

Performance-based contracting switches attention in government procurement arrangements from process to outputs by persuading the provider agency to share the financial risk. If an output, such as reduced custody or reduced placement in state care or shorter stays in out-of-home facilities are not achieved, the purchasing agency pays less or is not required to pay at all. The method is applied in…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Tuesday 07th July, 2009
  • Article type Reference

peer pressure

Peer pressure is the influence exerted by a peer group, encouraging a person to change their behavior, attitudes or values in order to conform to group norms. This can be towards abnormal behavior, like drug abuse or violence, but arguably there is far more pressure to conform to mainstream values, such as success in work, starting a family and obeying the law.…

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