• By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Monday 30th July, 2012
  • Article type Reference

Monte Carlo methods

Monte Carlo methods are mathematical simulation methods for understanding the impact of uncertainty. Simulation allows researchers to estimate the riskiness of their estimates by modeling situations that present uncertainty and playing them out thousands of times on a computer. Monte Carlo simulation estimates risk by substituting a range of values – a probability distribution – for any factor…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Wednesday 18th July, 2012
  • Article type Reference

Moderator

A moderator is a specific factor (such as sex, race, class, or previous behavior) that reduces or enhances the strength of the influence that an independent variable (e.g., a prevention program) has on a dependent variable (e.g., behavior). For example, if a prevention program is less effective in changing the behavior of boys than girls, then sex is a moderator of the effect of the program.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Wednesday 18th July, 2012
  • Article type Reference

Mediator

Mediators explain the pathway or mechanism by which an independent variable (e.g., a prevention program) affects a dependent variable (e.g., behavior). For example, a change in parental behavior can be a mediating factor that explains why a parenting program affects child behavior.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Friday 29th June, 2012
  • Article type Reference

Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.)

A brief structured diagnostic interview for major psychiatric disorders developed by psychiatrists and clinicians in the United States and Europe. It takes an average of 15 minutes to complete. Both clinicians and trained lay workers can use the M.I.N.I. as an assessment tool.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Thursday 10th November, 2011
  • Article type Reference

Mums4Mums

a research study on a telephone peer support intervention for postnatal depression for women living in Warwickshire, UK. The service is delivered by specially trained peer supporters (mothers who have recovered from postnatal depression). It is based on a program that was developed and evaluated in Canada, where it was shown to be effective in reducing symptoms of depression in mothers experiencin…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Monday 15th August, 2011
  • Article type Reference

Manualized intervention

A manualized intervention is one that has been standardized through the creation of manuals and protocols for those who implement it.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Friday 01st October, 2010
  • Article type Reference

Mary Ainsworth

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Wednesday 18th November, 2009
  • Article type Reference

motivational interviewing

Motivational interviewing is a client-centered, directive strategy for enhancing intrinsic motivation to change. Unlike Social Learning Theory, it does not attempt to impose change through praise or sanctions; rather it represents the view that change will not happen unless a new course of action is acknowledged to be in the person’s inherent interest. It was developed as a result of exploring a…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Thursday 25th June, 2009
  • Article type Reference

MAYSI

The MAYSI-2 is a mental health screening tool to assist juvenile justice facilities in identifying young people 12-17 years old with special mental health needs requiring immediate attention. It was developed by Professor Thomas Grisso and his team at the University of Massachusetts.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Sunday 19th April, 2009
  • Article type Reference

Montreal Longitudinal Experimental Study

The Montreal Longitudinal Experimental Study was set up in 1984 to follow the development of over 1,000 boys from poor and deprived areas who were deemed at risk of growing up to be aggressive.The children were split into three groups: one that would receive a preventive parenting intervention (called Preventive Treatment Program), another who were observed for their interactions and a third who r…

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