• By Laura Whybra
  • Posted on Wednesday 27th March, 2013
  • Article type Reference

Entity theory

People hold different theories about the nature of individual characteristics such as personality or intelligence. People holding an entity theory believe that individual characteristics are unchangeable, fixed “entities”. See also “incremental theory.” …

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  • By Laura Whybra
  • Posted on Thursday 28th February, 2013
  • Article type Reference

Engagement

 In the context of evidence-based programs, engagement is the process of making contact with eligible participants to encourage them to enroll in and to attend a program. …

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Wednesday 18th July, 2012
  • Article type Reference

Evidence2Success

Evidence2Success is a tool designed to help communities and public systems improve the well-being of children by using objective assessments of local need and then selecting and investing in evidence-based interventions that target these identified needs. The model includes a database of effective interventions that provides information on effective programs for all age groups and different outcom…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Wednesday 09th May, 2012
  • Article type Reference

Exposure to domestic violence

Exposure to domestic violence occurs when a child directly witnesses physical or psychological violence between adults, overhears the violence, or sees its aftermath, such as resulting injuries or emotional harm.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Tuesday 14th June, 2011
  • Article type Reference

Executive Functioning

is a set of cognitive skills responsible for organizing, planning and reacting appropriately. Executive functioning comprises three inter-related dimensions: working memory (the ability to hold and manipulate information in your mind for short periods of time); inhibitory control (the ability to stop and think before acting); and cognitive flexibility (the ability to change thoughts or courses of…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Tuesday 26th April, 2011
  • Article type Reference

Epigenetic change

Epigenetic change is a heritable variation in the way our genes function, which is not caused by a change in the underlying DNA sequence. These changes can last for multiple generations.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Saturday 24th April, 2010
  • Article type Reference

Evidence-Based Associates

Evidence-Based Associates (EBA) is for profit project management company committed to bringing sustainable solutions and accountability to interventions for at-risk young people. It combines performance based contracting with evidence-based programs with proven impact on young people's health and development.…

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  • By Kevin Mount
  • Posted on Wednesday 25th February, 2009
  • Article type Reference

Early Childcare and Youth Development Study

The Early Childcare and Youth Development Study has followed the lives of more than 1,000 children in the US since 1991. Maintained by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, it sets out to answer questions about the relationship between childcare experiences, childcare characteristics and developmental outcomes. A diverse sample of children was recruited from ten sites acros…

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  • By Kevin Mount
  • Posted on Monday 26th January, 2009
  • Article type Reference

externalizing behavior

Externalizing behavior refers to problems that are manifested in outward behavior and reflect a childs negative reactions to his or her environment. They include aggression, delinquency, and hyperactivity. Other terms used to describe the territory include conduct problems" and "antisocial.…

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  • By Sarah Blower
  • Posted on Tuesday 22nd July, 2008
  • Article type Reference

Etic

Etic indicates an approach to psychopathology that uses standardized methods to assess people from different cultures.Originally coined by Kenneth Pike in 1954, the term derives from the linguistic term phonetic. Phonetic refers to standard systems for representing the total repertoire of sounds used in all human languages. Thus scientists interested in psychopathology, use etic to describe the us…

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