• By Laura Whybra
  • Posted on Wednesday 30th January, 2013
  • Article type Reference

Brief Parent Training

 Brief Parent Training is a short-term, manual-based parenting program consisting of three to five weekly sessions delivered to families individually. Designed for the families of children with conduct disorder (or those displaying early signs), the program aims to encourage effective parenting practices and reduce damaging parenting practices such as inconsistent or harsh discipline. By…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Monday 30th July, 2012
  • Article type Reference

Bulimia Nervosa

Bulimia nervosa, commonly called bulimia, is a serious eating disorder that can be characterized by binge eating and purging, or eating large amounts of food and trying to get rid of the extra calories in an unhealthy way, such as vomiting, using laxatives or diuretics, or excessive exercise.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Wednesday 04th April, 2012
  • Article type Reference

Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI)

The Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) provides clinicians and healthcare workers with a quick tool to assess patient’s psychological symptoms and distress levels at a specific point in time. The 53-item inventory uses a 5-point rating scale to establish the number and intensity of psychological symptoms, in addition to overall patient distress. Appropriate for use with adolescents and adults, the i…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Thursday 17th November, 2011
  • Article type Reference

Bullying

There is no agreed meaning of the word ‘bullying’. Prevention Action is drawn to the definition provided by Farrington and Ttofi in their 2009 systematic review for the Campbell Collaboration, as it was applied to many anti- bullying programs. They define bullying as ‘physical, verbal or psychological attack or intimidation that is intended to cause fear, distress or harm to the victim.’ T…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Wednesday 05th October, 2011
  • Article type Reference

Behavioral genetics

A field that seeks to understand both the genetic and environmental contributions to individual variations in human behavior, usually via twin or adoption studies. Twin studies are typically used to determine how much has a trait or behavior can be explained by genetic variation. Increasingly, behavioral geneticists are employing twin studies to test specific developmental hypotheses.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Monday 15th August, 2011
  • Article type Reference

Brief Strategic Family Therapy (BSFT)

Is designed for children ages 6 to 17 at risk of developing behavior problems and their families. It aims to improve youth behavior by improving family relationships. Delivered in 12 to 16 family sessions, BSFT proceeds in phases, from the therapist “joining” the family, to “restructuring” family interactions. BSFT, developed by José Szapocznik of the University of Miami, claims to pr…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Wednesday 02nd March, 2011
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Best Evidence Synthesis

a best evidence synthesis is similar to a meta-analysis but adds an emphasis on narrative description of each study's contribution. Effect sizes are pooled across studies for each program and across categories of programs. Means are weighted by final sample size.…

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  • By Dartington SRU
  • Posted on Wednesday 06th October, 2010
  • Article type Reference

Bart Lubow

Prior to his time at the Casey Foundation, Lubow was Director of Alternatives to Incarceration in New York State.…

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  • By Kevin Mount
  • Posted on Thursday 28th May, 2009
  • Article type Reference

Battered Women’s Syndrome

Emerging from a struggle to get society to recognize the incidence and damaging effects of domestic violence, the term refers to conditions involving women psychologically traumatized by men whose violent and controlling behavior maintains the relationship and socially isolates the woman from the wider community.…

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  • By Kevin Mount
  • Posted on Monday 26th January, 2009
  • Article type Reference

Broken Windows Theory

Broken Windows Theory proposes that dealing efficiently with petty crime, such as vandalism and littering is a strategy for preventing more serious crime. It reasons that scars on the physical environment show others that trivial rules have been broken and signal that breaking norms is acceptable generally. A downward spiral ensues. The theory has been applied to fields as diverse as education and…

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